Governmental Governance of Megaprojects
legal rules, criteria, or formulas, such
as the Measures for the Administration
of National Key Construction Projects
promulgated in 1996, which conform to
the role of the state to coordinate, guide,
and supervise megaprojects and local
governments to support the state in this
role. For the EXPO project, the state for-
mulated management regulations for all
actors to solve new problems that they
had rarely met before. One interviewee
stated, “We produced one outline and
nine manuals, including 42 regulations
and 43 procedures to improve effi-
ciency” (manager of OPMT).
Codes Exemplary Quotes
Such a big project has been done and it contributes
most to leaders. Leaders have put a lot of effort
into this project. The program has been adjusted for
several times and the size of the building has also
been expanded for several times. There are numerous
changes as well as problems during the process.
Without the supports and the promotion from the
leaders, we cannot accomplish such a good job.
(Deputy Manager of EXPO Axis Project Department,
Support of the public and the commitment
of individuals working for the project was
strengthened by actively and broadly promoting
the societal importance of the focal project.
Support from the mass majority is also essential. We
invited them to visit the construction site and we
celebrated together and exchanged ideas with them.
We can understand and support each other. (Deputy
Director A of CHO, owner)
I think I will never have this experience later. Namely,
I may never have another chance to communicate,
cooperate, and work with persons from so many
cultural backgrounds in the context of such a big stage.
(Project Manager of Urban Best Practice Area Project
National glory For the image of the country, I feel we all have an
obligation to do this project well. Accordingly, the
cultural concept of our country, the management, and
the quality of the people will have a comprehensive
improvement. And the whole society and the whole
Western mainstream media will have a comprehensive
understanding of China. I believe that by doing so,
we can truly win glory for China and win glory for the
nation. (Vice Commander of CHQ, owner)
Giving up rest From early 2009 on, we only have a one-day rest per
month. And since 2010, we almost had no rest, no
Saturdays and no Sundays; our construction staff,
including the general contractors and subcontractors
and all onsite workers were in charge of equipment
operation. There are working staff on duty in 24 hours.
And the shift work schedule is adopted to ensure its
smooth operation. (Project Manager of EXPO Division in
EXPO Shanghai Group, owner)
CH depends on all the individual support. We will not
make it without cohesion and cooperation. (Commander
of Puxi Department in SCG, contractor)
Table 2. Governance mechanisms used by Construction Headquarter in EXPO 2010 Shanghai.