cross-sectional study, data analysis
methods, and information sources.
• Characteristics of the megaproject:
project analysis, geographical area,
sector, and project life cycle phase.
•;Types of risks identified in the article.
•;Methodology employed to deal with risk.
Once this first stage of the analysis
had been completed, a content analysis
of the selected articles was performed to
systematize risks. Content analysis is a
method that can be used with qualitative
or quantitative data, both inductively and
deductively (Elo & Kyngas, 2007). This
methodology selects, filters, and summarizes large volumes of data, thus facilitating data analysis (Gao, 1996). As it is a
systematic technique, it can be replicated
by other researchers (Weber, 1990). Systematization was carried out because our
analysis found no agreed-on list of risks
in the literature. The results of the analysis are explained in the following section.
Analysis and Discussion
A total of 83 references were analyzed; of
these, 79.52% ( 66) were journal articles
authors’ institutions— 55.42% of the ref-
erences ( 46) had authors from a single
institution; 27.71% ( 22) from two insti-
tutions; 15.66% ( 13) from three institu-
tions; and a single reference ( 1.20%)
from four. Therefore, approximately 45%
of the references were joint articles affil-
iated with various institutions.
Figure 2 shows the evolution of pub-
lications per year from a longitudinal
perspective. In general terms, the pro-
duction rate of articles in this field has
increased over recent years. Almost half
of the existing articles were published
Percentage of the
International Journal of Project Management 10 12.05%
Project Management Journal ® 4 4.82%
American Association of Cost Engineers International
Public Works Management & Policy 3 3.61%
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 2 2.41%
Journal of the Operational Research Society 2 2.41%
Transport Policy 2 2.41%
Other journals with a single reference 57 68.87%
Table 1: Journals with multiple published articles.
and the remaining 20.58% ( 17), conference papers. The references were grouped
in 47 journals and 17 conference proceedings, with a low concentration in specific
journals; we found only seven journals
with two or more articles (Table 1). The
International Journal of Project Management had the highest number of articles
( 10), followed by the Project Management
Journal® (four articles).
For the most part, the number of
authors per article was one ( 33.73%)
or three ( 33.73%), with two authors in
21.69% of the articles. Regarding the
Figure 2: Number of references analyzed per year and life cycle phase.
Focus on two phases
Focus on one phase
Focus on three phases
2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000
3.61% 3.61% 3.61%
4.82% 4.82% 4.82% 4.82%
7.23% 7.23% 7.23%