Success Criteria Descriptions
Profitability A continuous income/profit is received by
parties during project operation.
Long-term relationship and
Cordial relationship and well-established
coordination are instituted among stakeholders.
Satisfying the need for public
facility and/or service
An implemented PPP project fully satisfies the
need for a public facility and/or service.
Adherence to time Project is constructed on and/or before time
schedule for commissioning.
Adherence to budget Project is constructed according to the
estimated cost and is without any operational
Reduced litigations and disputes Contract litigations and disputes are minimized
throughout the project life cycle.
Reduced public sector
Lower cost is incurred by the public sector in
the administration of the project because major
project risks are allocated to the private sector.
Effective technology transfer
Technical knowledge and innovation are
effectively shared among stakeholders,
particularly with local practitioners.
Local economic development The project contributes to the economic
development of the community within which the
project is developed.
Environmental performance The project does not affect the health and
safety of residents or the environment.
Reduced project life cycle cost Lower life cycle cost is realized, which
enhances the project’s value for the money.
Reliable and quality service
Continuous and uninterrupted project services
are provided and according to the satisfaction
Meeting output specifications The project meets the expected output
standards and/or requirements and delivery.
Effective risk management Risks are properly identified. The risk sharing
and transfer mechanisms are agreed on and
effectively implemented by the public and
Reduced public and political
There are reductions in agitation and protests,
which often arise due to increases in tariffs,
lack of transparency, corruption, and so forth.
1 5 Lam and Javed (2015), 2 5 Chan and Chan (2004), 3 5 Meng et al. (2011), 4 5 Zhang (2006a), 5 5 Cheung, Tam, Ndekugri, and Harris (2000),
6 5 Chan, Scott, and Lam (2002), 7 5 Zhang (2006b), 8 5 Dixon et al. (2005), 95 Liyanage and Villalba-Romero (2015), 10 5 Li et al. (2005b),
11 5 Mladenovic et al. (2013), 12 5 Liu et al. (2015), 13 5 Yuan et al. (2009)
Table 1: A set of 15 success criteria for PPP projects (Osei-Kyei et al., 2017).
[ 18 responses]). More importantly, the
respondents from Hong Kong possess
rich PPP experience both in practice and
research, which makes their responses
suitable and adequate for further
analysis (Table 2). Notwithstanding, the
overall sample size of 103 is adequate
and suitable for analysis when com-
pared with past related studies, includ-
ing those from Cheung et al. (2012)
( 45 responses— 34 from Hong Kong and
11 from Australia) and Liu, Wang, and
Wilkinson (2016) ( 57 responses— 32
from China and 25 from Australia)
(Osei-Kyei & Chan, 2017). A summary