Appendix A: Construct measurement.
Construct Code Item Source
Stand-up meeting STM1 Stand-up meetings are extremely short (maximum 15 minutes). So and Scholl (2009)
STM2 Stand-up meetings are to the point, focusing only on what has been done and what
needs to be done on that day.
STM3 All relevant technical issues and organizational impediments come up in the stand-up
STM4 When people report problems in the stand-up meetings, team members offer
CCO1 Anyone on the team can change existing code at any time. Maruping, Zhang,
and Venkatesh (2009) CCO2 If anyone wanted to change a piece of code, he or she needed the permission of the
individual(s) who coded it.
CCO3 In our team, we feel comfortable changing any part of the existing code at any time.
CCO4 A unit of code can only be changed by the individual who developed it.
CCO5 In our team, we all feel a sense of responsibility for the system code.
Pair programming PP1 We do our software development using pairs of developers. Maruping, Venkatesh,
and Agarwal (2009) PP2 How often is pair programming used in the team?
PP3 To what extent is programming carried out by pairs of developers on the team?
To what extent did the software team actually incorporate requirement changes in
each of the following categories? (For example, if the project actually incorporated
four out of ten different changes in a specific category, your answer would be 40%.)
Lee and Xia (2010)
EXT1 System scope
EXT2 System input data
EXT3 System output data
EXT4 Business rules/processes
EXT5 Data structure
EXT6 User interface
How much additional effort was required by the software team to incorporate the
following changes? (Effort includes time, cost, personnel, and resources.)
Lee and Xia (2010)
EFF1 System scope
EFF2 System input data
EFF3 System output data
EFF4 Business rules/processes
EFF5 Data structure
EFF6 User interface
How do the customers feel about the software that the team has developed? Bhattacherjee (2001)
CSF1 Very dissatisfied . . . Very satisfied.
CSF2 Very displeased . . . Very pleased.
CSF3 Very frustrated . . . Very contented.
CSF4 Absolutely terrible . . . Absolutely delighted.
PPF1 The project was or will be completed within budget. Lee and Xia (2010);
Wallace et al. (2004) PPF2 The project was or will be completed within schedule.